how to rent a crane

Information on how to rent a crane in Hawaii:

EZ Crane Hawaii Quote

Not many know the how to rent a crane. Here is some information on terminology, requirements and what to expect when looking for the right crane rental for your job or placing a bid in Hawaii.  Majority of this information is applicable to the rest of the country.

  • You may not know what type of crane to rent which is normal but you should at least know the weights of the items needing the crane for.
  • Always refer to the heaviest and farthest distance or highest reach making sure that all other lifts would be within that range. This will help in getting the correct quote and equipment.
  • Hawaii has more than one island.  Barged equipment is possible but costly if unnecessary.
  • Crane rentals come with a qualified and certified operator along with maintenance service and fuel.
  • Bare rentals are rentals with no provided certified operator. Maintenance may be provided
  • Not all cranes are eligible to be bare rented.
  • Crane operators must have a Hawaii State HMOAB Certification.
  • Port to port charges means the service charge clock starts from the crane yard and ends on return.
  • A Mob or Mobilization is a charge to and from job site due to any special transport, permits, personnel for set up, police escort, etc.
  • Larger cranes or non highway type equipment may charge a mobilization or transport fee.
  • Minimum hourly charges can sometimes be 8 hours minimum or 4 hours for smaller equipment.
  • Lifting capacity is determined by radius, angle and boom length.
  • Radius is measured from the center of the cranes rotation to the center of gravity of load being lifted
  • Lift height not only includes the height of where item is lifted or landed but also factors the height of item being lifted, length of rigging gear and crane hook assembly.
  • Be sure that ground conditions can accommodate the weight of the crane and weight of the load.
  • Be aware and inform of any obstacles affecting the safety of the lift such as power lines.
  • Riggers and signal personnel must be qualified to hook and unhook a load
  • Crane operators & Signal persons are available for CALL 808-781-2152
  • Hawaii State General Excise Tax for Honolulu (Oahu) is 4.712%

Crane Operator Certification – Capacity or type (CIC vs. NCCCO)


April 10, 2013

Director Jim Maddux
Directorate of Construction
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
U.S. Department of Labor
200 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Room N-3468
Washington, DC 2021 0

Re: Crane Operator Certification – Capacity and Type

Dear Director Maddux:

The International Union of Operating Engineers (“IUOE”) appreciated the opportunity to present our views and to hear the comments of the other participants in the stakeholder meeting conducted by OSHA on April 2 and 3, 20 13.

This letter follows up on the IUOE’s November 28, 2012 letter which requested clarification that an operator who is certified on a type of crane may operate all cranes of that type regardless of capacity. In the interests of timely addressing the facts adduced at the stakeholder meeting concerning “capacity and type,” the IUOE will address in a separate letter facts and legal arguments relating to OSHA’s view that certificants should be “deemed qualifie~” in 1926.1427(b)(2).

READ LETTER FULL LETTER  IUOE-OSHA-Stake-holder-letter  pdf

I. Comments by ANSI and Testing Organizations on Arbitrariness of Practical Testing by Capacity
All four accredited testing organizations (also known as “certification bodies”) – the Operating Engineers Certification Program (“OECP”), the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (“NCCCO”), the Crane
Institute of America (“CIC”), and the National Center for Construction Education
and Research (“NCCER”) – expressed the view that the degree of difficulty in
operating a crane is affected by configuration, boom length, and attachments, but that
capacity itself is meaningless and the selection of capacity bands is arbitrary.
The CIC and the NCCER admit that compliance with OSHA’s postrulemaking
requirement is the reason that they offer separate certifications for
different capacities of the same type. Neither OSHA nor these organizations pointed
to a scintilla of evidence that safety is advanced by capacity bands.

Ted Blanton, who is the owner of a training company, North American Crane
Bureau, which is closely affiliated with NCCER spoke on behalf of the NCCER.
Mr. Blanton stated that the NCCER “put in capacity when this rule was written. We can easily take it out.” He also stated that NCCER could not get “enough psychometric data” to figure out what is proper.

B. The CIC
James Headley, president and owner of Crane Institute of America, a training
company, and Crane Institute Certification (CIC), and Nathan Dickinson appeared
on behalf of the CIC at the stakeholder meeting. Mr. Dickinson commented that CIC
selected capacity bands for certifications following OSHA’s announcement
concerning capacity and type at earlier stakeholder meetings, and that the CIC would
not have done so if OSHA had not announced the requirement of separate
certification for different capacities of the same type. He further stated that capacity
may be “arbitrary”, but it is required by OSHA, and that “depending upon how this
meeting [the stakeholder meeting] turns out,” CIC would “possibly” develop a “300-
ton certification.” Mr. Dickinson added that “we have to draw the line somewhere.”
Mr. Headley stated that the CTC “always had in mind boom length” and
luffers in creating capacity bands and that it is “harder to pass a test with long boom
versus short boom.”

Larry Hopkins, a member of the Board of Directors of the OECP and
Assistant Director of Training of IUOE Local 12 Operating Engineers Training
Trust, participated on behalf of the OECP.
Mr. Hopkins stated that mastery of the skills needed to safely operate cranes
is an ongoing process since cranes themselves, particularly the electronics, evolve
rapidly. He opined that proper use of an “LMI,” a load moment indicator, “evolves
so quickly” that testing organizations “cannot keep up with it.”
Mr. Hopkins commented that differentiating between capacities was “nothing
more than a fa9ade”; that pass rates did not “discriminate statistically” for different
capacities of the same crane type; and that setting of capacity bands is “arbitrary and
capricious.” According to Mr. Hopkins, it is not the “amount of weight” that a crane
can lift that requires higher levels of skill “but the configurations that it can be put
into.” He also stated that if the job tasks do not differ according to size, there is no
need to conduct a separate test for the same tasks on the performance assessment.
Mr. Hopkins stated that to obtain accreditation, there must be a level of validity for
each test. He posed the question, “Where’s the study that says you need all these
different tests?”
I am attaching for your information a November 28, 2006 letter from Ron
Havlick, Executive Director of OECP, formerly known as the Southern California
Crane &. Hoisting Certification Program (“SCCHCP”), concerning “certification
consolidation.” At that time, the SCCHCP provided certifications in six different
categories, including categories which differentiated based on crane capacity:

Lattice Boom Crawler Crane  Lattice Boom Crane Lattice Boom Truck Crane = Lattice
Over 40 Ton Telescopic Boom Crane 40 Ton & Under Telescopic Boom Crane = Telescopic Boom Crane
Boom Truck = Boom Truck
TowerCrane = TowerCrane

As stated in Mr. Havlick’s letter, a “Job Task Analysis” was conducted by
“Subject Matter Experts” to confirm the hypothesis that consolidation of “select
certifications could be accomplished with no detrimental effects on the program’s
ability to assess qualified minimally competent crane operators.” The SCCHCP then
hired an independent, third-party statistician to conduct a statistical analysis of the
test data, and the accrediting body, the National Commission for Certifying Agencies
(“NCCA”), agreed that certification consolidation was appropriate.

Currently, the OECP offers certifications on crane types without regard to the
crane capacity:
• Boom truck crane
• Lattice boom crane
• Telescopic boom crane
• Tower crane
As noted in Mr. Havlick’s November 28, 2006 letter, the crane capacity selected by
the OECP for testing depends on “availability at any particular testing site.”

NCCCO Executive Director Graham Brent commented that certification
involves the testing of “fundamentals” and “no test could ever cover the multitude of
crane configurations.”
Mr. Brent and former C-DAC member Bill Smith both commented that
NCCCO had more tests when they first started, but at the recommendation of the
accrediting agency, the NCCCO reduced the number of tests.1 The accrediting
agency viewed the number of tests – 12 mobile crane tests – as unnecessary if the
same percentage of those tested would pass each similar test. After review by
NCCCO’s psychometric consultants at the time, the number of tests was ultimately
reduced to just four after they determined that further testing revealed nothing additional about the candidate’s skill level and that therefore it didn’t differentiate between different levels of proficiency. Mr. Smith stated that the NCCCO was creating “more tests to get the same results.”

A reference to capacity was initially retained in two categories:, “Small Telescopic Crane, Below 17.5 tons Capacity” and “Large Telescopic Crane, Above 17.5 tons Capacity.” However, the capacity threshold of 17.5 tons was selected because it marked the point at which crane manufacturer Grove switched controls in its crane model range from fixed cab controls to swing cab controls. In other words, capacity was merely a function of the real determinant of a change in skills, namely
control system. Subsequently, the NCCCO changed the name of these two categories to more accurately reflect this fact, namely Telescopic Boom Crane, Fixed Cab and Telescopic Boon Crane, Swing Cab, which is how it stands today.

Dr. Roy Swift of the American National Standards Institute stated that there
is no “data that says capacity is a factor” in assessing operator competence and that
there would need to be a “national study” to “establish that for validation.”
According to Dr. Swift, the selection of bands was not the product of a job task
The comments of Dr. Daniel R. Winder, PhD of Course Outcomes, Inc., were
consistent with the views of ANSI. Dr. Winder stated that the “practical” test is a
misnomer, and that the hands-on test should be called a “performance” test because
the tests do not simulate the actual functions executed on worksites.
F. OSHA’s Statements at the Stakeholder Meeting
OSHA pointed out at all three stakeholder meetings that the CIC and NCCER
allegedly offer separate certifications based upon different capacities of the same
crane type apparently in support of feasibility. OSHA further stated at these
meetings that it is prepared to let the “marketplace rule” in the establishment of
certification standards of accredited testing organizations and that “certifYing bodies
will need to add new tests and certifications as needed.” As stated in the IUOE’s
November 28, 2012letter to you, OSHA should not permit private market forces to
dictate the number of certifications required.
OSHA stated at the stakeholder meetings that “capacity and type”
requirement originated with C-DAC. The three participants who are former C-DAC
members, Robert Weiss, Vice President of Crane, Inc. in Queens, New York; Bill
Smith, Executive Vice President, Nations Builders Insurance Company; and George
R. “Chip” Pocock, C.P. Buckner Steel, strongly disputed OSHA’s statement. As Bill
Smith pointed out, “If C-DAC thought capacity was so important, they would have
made sure capacity got included in options 2, 3 and 4.”

II. Invalidation of Certifications
The participants in the stakeholder meeting raised other cogent arguments
which demonstrate that the record does not support imposition of capacity bands.
NCCCO Executive Director Graham Brent commented that the SBREFA’s cost
analysis did not contemplate that 58,000 NCCCO certifications would be
invalidated. Bill Smith expressed concern that the expense of obtaining new
certifications would be imposed on blue collar workers if existing certifications are
invalidated. He further stated that operators would be unable to obtain work if the
capacity and type of their certifications did not enable them to legally perform
available work.

III. Commentary on the Operation of High “Capacity” Cranes
There was no disagreement among the participants that certification bodies
conduct performance exams test with only a light load on the hook, using a single
part line which dramatically reduces the “maximum rated capacity” of the crane
advertised by the manufacturer. The overwhelming majority of participants
expressed the view that performing the same practical tests with a larger capacity
crane will not assess the skill of the operator with greater reliability. Here is a
representative sampling of the views ofthe participants:

• Barry Cole of Preferred Safety Consulting stated that it does not
matter “a bit about size. A 25 ton friction rig is a lot more
challenging to operate than a 300 ton hydro.”

• Randy Stemp of Lampson International: “Tonnage doesn’t imply
greater skill; it’s the control system that determines skill.”

• Bob Berry of Sims Crane & Equipment stated that, in considering
a crane’s capacity, one cannot “just look at what is written on the
side of the crane” because capacity changes depending on what is
on the boom. Mr. Berry posed the question: “A 1,000 ton crane
becomes a 3.5 ton crane when lifting on one part of line, so what
capacity are you talking about?”

• George R. “Chip” Pocock, C.P. Buckner Steel, appeared on behalf
of Associated General Contractors of America (“AGC”) and
stated that the AGC cannot support “banding” or
“disenfranchisement of crane operators” and that “capacity has to
be eliminated.”

• Dan Reda, ofiUOE Local I 50’s training program, which is one of
the largest training programs in the country, stated that greater
capacity alone does not make a test more difficult, but use of
higher capacity cranes makes administration of practical tests
more costly. He noted, in particular, the costs of transporting high
capacity cranes to testing sites.

MORE Read more by downloading pdf  IUOE-OSHA-Stake-holder-letter

The need for more Crane Operators in Hawaii news article

Construction boom magnifies scarcity of crane operators

Military and civilian projects throughout the state are drawing on the limited supply

By Nina Wu

A good crane operator is hard to find these days.

The people who operate what are sometimes referred to as Hawaii’s state bird are harder to come by due to the training and certification that’s required, as well as the high level of demand from the islands’ construction boom.

“A crane operator doesn’t happen overnight,” said Allan Parker, district representative of Hawaii Operating Engineers Local 3.

Parker estimates there are about 300 certified crane members in Local 3.

While some projects may only require a handful of crane operators, others, like a subdivision, may require up to 30 operators at a given time.

A law went into effect beginning in October 2003, requiring crane operators to be certified or fined up to $70,000.

The new requirement was an effort to stem worker fatalities, injuries and public endangerment. The state Department of Labor and Industrial Relations established an advisory board to help enforce the requirements, but is still ironing out a final draft of rules.

It adopted the national standards set by the National Commission for Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO).

Most operators in Hawaii are taking written and physical exams administered by NCCCO, according to Kerwin Chong, vice president of Hawaiian Crane & Rigging. Still, there aren’t enough to go around.

“There is a shortage,” said Chong.

Chong, who has about 50 certified operators working for his company, said the new requirements scared off many of his older workers when they went into effect.

“They got scared and retired,” he said. “That created a shortage itself.”

He estimates that he lost about a third of his staff over the last few years. Moreover, the operators who retired were the most experienced and skilled operators the company had. That resulted in a generation gap, he said, between the most experienced operators and those that are new on the job.

Hawaiian Crane has about a dozen recruits in its apprenticeship program, but not all of them are necessarily going to stay on as employees.

“We weed them out,” he said.

In some cases, developers have no choice but to bring crane operators over from the mainland due to the shortage.

The shortage has spillover effects to other parts of the construction industry.

Structural engineer Steve Baldridge of Honolulu-based Baldridge & Associates, said his team may refine the designs of buildings because they have to consider that there may only be one, rather than two, crane operators available for a project.

When the new requirements went into effect in 2003, there were only 87 certified out of an estimated 1,000 crane operators in the state.

As of August 2004, there were about 480, according to DLIR spokesman James Hardway. He said the department at this time, does not actually have the authority to force crane operators to be certified.

Local 3 estimated it has about 300 certified operators out of its 3,000 members, who also operate backhoes and other construction machines.

Chong said his workers have been doing plenty of overtime.

“We’re booked solid,” he said. “We’re typically putting in more than the standard week of hours.”

The work is driven by military contracts as well as the residential housing boom stretching from Kakaako to Ewa Beach. Much of the demand is also coming from neighbor islands.

Crane operation and football

Hawaii crane operator waiting


Like a quarterback waiting on the valiant efforts of the defense to get the ball back is a crane operator waiting for action.  When the crane operator receives the signal, it’s like a play from the coach.  The riggers, like the linemen protecting and making things happen on offense, are doing the same for the operation.  A great line can make an offense shine and so can riggers in an operation.  Victorious is the crane operator when the game is won but heavy is the crown when the crane operation fails.

Hawaii crane rental – Rigging Service and Boom truck Rental

Honolulu Hawaii Crane Rental Service – 808-781-2152

Affordable rates and Quality Service we compete for your business
12 Ton up to 180 Tons - Crane & Rigging Crews experienced and qualified

  • Boom Trucks
  • Truck Cranes
  • RT Cranes
  • AT Cranes

Hawaii Crane Service

Crane Rentals come with a trained qualified and certified operator along with maintenance service and fuel. A (6) hour minimum applies to all rentals unless determined by management and the type of lift performed Rates are charged from the time we leave the base and until we return, portal to portal Rates are also based on Standard Hours of operation Monday – Friday 7:00 am – 3:30 pm Overtime per man will be charged on hours worked outside of standard working hours including Saturday Double time per man will be charged for hours worked on Sundays and Holidays Hawaii’s General Excise Tax 4.712% of the total invoiced amount A 24 hour cancellation notice is required to avoid being billed for services scheduled. An extended notice of cancellation clause maybe on inserted into your proposal depending on the scope of work and crane used. Mobilization fees will apply for road permits, pilot cars, and/or special accommodating transport Rates are subject to change without notice All of our personnel meet the qualifications and Certification requirements for State and Federal Law OSHA & ASME/ANSI Standards WE ARE WILLING TO MAKE SURE OUR RATES WILL WORK WITH WHAT WORKS FOR YOU SPECIALIZED SERVICES Complete installation and removals Photovoltaic Systems for Industrial & Residential Certified Welding and Cutting Emergency Rigging & Crane Services Critical Lifts and Engineered Planning Air Conditioning Installation/Removal Telecommunication Towers & Monopoles Steel/Tilt-up/Pre-cast Panel Erection Removal/Installation of Grease Traps Tree Planting and Misc. Moving Equipment & Supplies Machinery Moving Site Work Utilities Rigging Maintenance Etc.

Rigger Qualifications from


  1. The standard requires that a rigger be a “qualified rigger” to perform certain tasks. What qualifications must a rigger possess to be a “qualified rigger?”
    A qualified rigger is a rigger who meets the criteria for a qualified person. A qualified rigger must therefore:

    • possess a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or have extensive knowledge, training, and experience, and
    • successfully demonstrate the ability to solve problems related to rigging loads.

A qualified rigger must be able to properly rig the load for a particular job. He or she need not be qualified to do every type of rigging job. Each load that requires rigging has unique properties that can range from the simple to the complex. However, previous experiences does not automatically qualify the rigger to rig unstable, unusually heavy, or eccentric loads that may require a tandem lift, multiple lifts, or use of custom rigging equipment. In essence, employers must make sure that the person can do the rigging work needed for the exact types of loads and lifts for a particular job with the equipment and rigging that will be used for that job.

  1. Does a certified operator also meet the requirements of a qualified rigger?
    A certified operator does not necessarily meet the requirements of a qualified rigger. The person designated as the qualified rigger must have the ability to properly rig the load for a particular job. A certified or qualified operator may meet the requirements of a qualified rigger, depending on the operator’s knowledge and experience with rigging. In general, the qualifications of a rigger and an equipment operator are not considered one in the same.
  2. Do qualified riggers have to be trained or certified by a third party?
    No. Riggers do not have to be certified by an accredited organization or assessed by a third party. Employers may choose to use a third party entity to assess the qualifications of the rigger candidate, but they are not required to do so.
  3. Must a “qualified rigger” carry documentation of his or her rigger qualifications?
    No. The employer must determine the qualifications of the rigger as applicable to the hoisting job to be performed. While documentation, such as a card from an assessing organization indicating that the individual has demonstrated specified skills, could serve as evidence of a rigger’s qualifications, Subpart CC of 29 CFR Part 1926 does not require that a rigger carry such documentation.

Basic difference between Certified, Competent or Qualified as a Rigger

The Difference Basic Competency, Qualification and/or Certification:            













Basic description of a crane operator

A Basic Description of a crane operator   
Crane operators service and operate the hoist and swing equipment used to move machinery and/or parts and material at construction sites, industrial yards, ports and other locations. Crane operators manipulate a number of pedals and levers to rotate the crane, and raise and lower its boom and one or more load lines. They often perform all or some of these operations simultaneously. Crane operators use a number of different cranes to lift cargo, machinery and other objects to relocate erect or deconstruct. The weight that cranes carry is usually from a few thousand pounds to 10 tons or on occasion more than 100+ tons.

Boom truck operators operate hydraulic booms that are mounted on trucks and are capable of moving very heavy loads.  Accordingly, mobile crane operators service and operate booms which are mounted on crawlers or wheeled frames. 



What types of industries/career fields rig and use cranes?  

Ship Repair Industries ● Construction ● Long-shoring ● Utilities (Electric, Phone, Cable & Water) ● Landscaping ● Roofing ● Plumbing ● Building Maintenance ● Manufacturing Plants ● Power Plants ● Wastewater Facilities ● Roads Maintenance ● Steel Erection & Welding ● Oil Refineries ● Rail Transit & Transportation ● Elevator Maintenance and Installation ● HVAC Repair and Installation ● Solar Technology & Wind Turbines Installations and Repairs ● Etc